It’s a common misconception that the only way to save lives or make a significant difference in healthcare is by donning a surgeon’s scrubs. However, this notion overlooks the invaluable contributions made by medical professionals in various non-surgical specialties

If you’re one of those people for whom the thought of entering an operating room without the comfort of anesthesia might seem unimaginable, know that there are alternative avenues, like radiology, through which you can impact patient care without engaging directly in surgery. 

If you’re intrigued by this prospect, read on as we provide you with a guide on how to become a radiologist, including all the essential steps and insights you need to embark on this fulfilling medical career path.

What Is a Radiologist?

A radiologist is a medical professional specializing in interpreting medical images to diagnose and treat various illnesses and injuries. They play a critical role in the healthcare system, working alongside other healthcare professionals to provide accurate diagnoses and treatment plans.

Radiologists are highly trained in various imaging techniques and technologies, allowing them to analyze X-rays, MRI scans, CT scans, ultrasounds, and other diagnostic images. Their extensive knowledge of anatomy and pathology enables them to identify abnormalities, make informed clinical assessments, and collaborate with physicians to deliver effective patient care.

What Does a Radiologist Do?


Specialists in the field of radiology have a diverse set of responsibilities and duties, including:

  • Interpreting diagnostic images such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, ultrasounds, and nuclear medicine images for anomalies, injuries, and diseases.
  • Providing detailed reports based on their image assessments.
  • Collaborating closely with other healthcare professionals, including primary care physicians, surgeons, and specialists, to ensure accurate diagnoses and formulate appropriate treatment plans.
  • Performing interventional procedures, such as biopsies, angioplasties, and drainage of abscesses.
  • Ensuring radiation safety by adhering to strict protocols and guidelines to minimize radiation exposure.
  • Staying updated with advancements in their field by engaging in ongoing education and research.
  • Maintaining patient communication by discussing imaging results directly with them, especially in cases where immediate feedback is crucial for treatment decisions.

How To Become a Radiologist


The steps to becoming a radiologist involve a carefully planned educational and professional trajectory. It’s important to note that although similarities are shared with other physicians regarding their academic pursuits, the path to becoming a radiologist is distinct. So, read on and learn about the radiologist’s education requirements and more.

Get a bachelor’s degree

The first step in becoming a radiologist is to obtain a bachelor’s degree. Generally, there is no specific major required. However, aspiring radiologists typically pursue a pre-medical track or a degree in a related field, such as biology, chemistry, or physics.

In their undergraduate years, students focus on coursework that establishes the groundwork for advanced medicine studies. Generally, students must complete certain radiologist prerequisites typically required by most medical schools. These prerequisites include courses such as anatomy, biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, and physics, as well as math and writing courses.

Study and pass the MCAT

Next, aspiring radiologists must prepare for and take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). To be considered a competitive medical school applicant, it is crucial to achieve a high score on this exam. This standardized examination assesses knowledge across four different areas: 

  • Biological and biochemical foundations of living systems
  • Psychological, social, and biological foundations of behavior
  • Chemical and physical foundations of biological systems section
  • Critical analysis and reasoning skills 

Complete a four-year medical school program

The next step in the radiologist career path is to attend medical school. This phase involves a rigorous program of four years that includes both classroom teaching and clinical rotations.

The first two years of medical school typically emphasize didactic coursework, covering anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, and medical ethics. The following two years consist of clinical rotations, where students gain practical experience in various medical specialties, including radiology, providing students with the opportunity to gain exposure to different medical fields and participate in patient care under the guidance of licensed physicians.

Complete a medical residency program

Upon completing medical school, physicians enter a residency program where they receive specialized training and hands-on experience in a specific area of medicine. For radiologists, this means focusing on medical imaging techniques and procedures.

During the radiology residency program, residents get exposed to various subspecialties within radiology, such as nuclear medicine, diagnostic radiology, interventional radiology, and radiation oncology. They can rotate through different departments and work alongside experienced radiologists in these areas.

Although the core training in radiology is covered in the residency program, some radiologists may opt for additional fellowship training after completing their residency to specialize even further in a specific area, 

Become state-licensed

State licensure is a mandatory requirement for all physicians, including radiologists. Licensing regulations vary by state, but candidates must generally pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) for Doctor of Medicine (MD) students or the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX) for Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) students to demonstrate their competence and proficiency in medical practice.

Become certified

Becoming board-certified in radiology is not mandatory for professional licensure. However, it is a valuable credential that conveys expertise in the field and is something many employers require as a condition of employment.

It is best to conduct further research on the specialties and subspecialties of radiology offered by the American Board of Radiology to better understand the examinations and requirements necessary for certification.

Essential Skills for a Radiologist

Becoming a proficient radiologist demands a specialized skill set and traits meticulously developed through the years of education and hands-on training mentioned above. Some of these skills and abilities include:

  • Medical imaging proficiency
  • In-depth understanding of human anatomy and physiological processes
  • Knowledge of radiation safety protocols and guidelines
  • Commitment to ongoing learning
  • Proficiency in performing minimally invasive procedures under imaging guidance
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Compassionate and empathetic approach toward patients
  • Ability to work effectively in multidisciplinary healthcare teams
  • Flexibility in handling diverse patient cases and clinical scenarios
  • Analytical thinking skills
  • Adherence to ethical standards and confidentiality in patient care
  • Commitment to professional integrity in all aspects of practice
  • Time management skills
  • Leadership abilities for guiding radiology teams and departments

Career Growth and Opportunities

The field of radiology offers plenty of room for career growth and specialized opportunities for practitioners. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook for radiologists, including radiologic and MRI technologists, is promising, with a projected growth rate of 6% from 2022 to 2032. On average, approximately 15,700 job openings are anticipated annually over the decade.

As radiologists progress in their careers, they have the option to explore various specialties and subspecialties, allowing them to focus on specific areas of medical imaging and intervention. Some possible specialties for radiologists include:

  • Diagnostic radiology
  • Interventional radiology
  • Radiation oncology

Additionally, you can choose from several subspecialties within the areas mentioned beforehand, such as:

  • Hospice and palliative medicine
  • Neuroradiology
  • Nuclear radiology
  • Pain medicine
  • Pediatric radiology
  • Vascular and interventional radiology

The Financial Perspective: Salary, Growth, and Stability

The financial aspect of a career in radiology is notably promising, offering a combination of competitive salaries, steady growth, and remarkable stability. In the United States, the estimated total pay for a radiologist averages $329,080 per year. However, it’s important to note that the salary can vary based on a multitude of factors, such as experience, location, subspecialty focus, and the type of healthcare facility.

Challenges and Considerations

The field of radiology offers many rewarding and intellectually stimulating career paths, but it also presents a few challenges.

One of the most significant challenges is that radiologists come into contact with small amounts of radiation when they perform diagnostic imaging, which can result in various adverse effects. However, there are medical advancements that can keep radiologists safe when performing X-rays and other scans that use radiation. They can use different forms of protection, such as lead aprons or protective curtains, which keep the radiation away during the procedure.

Moreover, medical imaging technology is rapidly evolving, and to provide the best possible care to patients, radiologists require ongoing education and training to stay on top of advancements. Moreover, balancing a high caseload and ensuring accurate interpretations can be demanding, especially in busy clinical settings.

However, keep in mind that diligence and dedication ultimately pave the way for success and fulfillment in this and any other field. You can navigate any hurdles that may arise by adhering to guidelines, staying committed to the work, and consistently prioritizing patient care and accurate diagnoses.

The Bottom Line

All in all, choosing a career in radiology opens up a world of opportunities to positively impact patient care without the need for surgical intervention. If you’re interested in pursuing this fulfilling path, it’s essential to begin with a solid education.

So, consider joining our medical school, and we’ll provide you with the necessary foundation to become a radiologist and make a significant difference in the lives of your patients.


How long does it take to become a radiologist?

Becoming a radiologist takes 12-13 years, including undergraduate studies, medical school, and residency.

Can you become a radiologist without going to med school?

No, becoming a radiologist requires completing medical school and obtaining an MD or DO degree.

Is it hard to become a radiologist?

Though the path to becoming a radiologist can be challenging due to the extensive education and rigorous training needed, with dedication and commitment, you can succeed.

What is the best degree for a radiologist?

Generally, MD and DO degrees are the best options for radiology.

Is radiology a stressful job?

Radiology can be demanding, especially in larger healthcare settings with more patients, as balancing the high caseload and making critical diagnoses becomes stressful.

How many hours a week do radiologists work?

Radiologists generally work full-time, ranging from 40-60 hours per week.

Is becoming a radiologist worth it?

In short, yes! The field offers excellent opportunities for advancement, a lucrative career path, and the chance to help others.