Pre-med is like the first chapters of a book, setting the stage for the rest of the tale. It’s the path aspiring doctors take before diving into medical school’s complexities. Just as early chapters introduce characters and themes, pre-med majors reveal the basics of medical know-how. 

Moreover, similar to a novel’s steady progression, the pre-med track guides students through the intricacies of the body, various illnesses, and, most importantly, healing. This phase ensures that students stand ready for the challenges and discoveries ahead when medical school begins.

Below, we’ll further explore the world of pre-med, offering insights into what it entails and why selecting the right major is a pivotal decision on this journey. We’ll also go through some of the best pre-med major options, highlighting their unique strengths and advantages, as well as providing some tips to consider before making this critical choice. So, read on and learn how to shape your pre-medical education.

Understanding the Concept of Pre-Med

It’s important to realize that pre-med is not one distinct major but rather an educational track encompassing a series of requirements that students must complete during their undergraduate studies to be eligible for medical school admission. These requirements may consist of a specific major with coursework on related subjects, though the exact criteria can differ depending on the college or university.

Moreover, alongside academic rigor, pre-med students engage in extracurricular activities that demonstrate their commitment to healthcare and community service. This might involve volunteering in hospitals, conducting research, or participating in clinical experiences.

Choosing the right pre-medicine major is a crucial step toward a successful medical career. The majors mentioned below offer diverse avenues for building a solid foundation in the sciences and understanding the complexities of human health.

Biological sciences

Studying biological sciences is essential to preparing for a career in medicine. This major delves into the fundamental processes that make up life, covering everything from the smallest cells to entire ecosystems. Students explore various topics, including genetics, microbiology, ecology, and physiology, to understand how living organisms function and adapt. This knowledge is invaluable in understanding the human body’s complexities and the various organisms that can affect our health.

Physical sciences

Next, physical sciences, encompassing physics and chemistry, provide pre-med students with a profound understanding of the fundamental principles governing matter and energy.

The field of physics delves into the rules that control movement, energy, and the behavior of physical systems, which are critical in comprehending physiological processes and medical imaging technologies. On the other hand, chemistry deals with matter’s composition, structure, and interactions. Those pursuing a pre-med degree will explore organic and inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, and analytical chemistry.

By mastering these disciplines, future physicians will have a solid foundation in the chemical processes that underpin biological systems, as well as the principles behind pharmaceuticals and medical interventions.

Math and statistics

Although not typically the main emphasis of pre-med school, solid proficiency in math and statistics is crucial for interpreting data and conducting research in the medical field. These disciplines offer the necessary analytical tools to understand scientific literature, evaluate clinical studies, and make informed decisions regarding patient care. Pre-med students who excel in math and statistics possess a valuable skill set that enhances their ability to navigate the complexities of medical research and practice.

Social sciences

Pre-med students majoring in social sciences, such as psychology and sociology, gain a distinctive viewpoint on human behavior and experience. 

Since psychology studies the complexities of the mind, focusing on cognitive processes and mental health, and sociology examines societal structures, relationships, and cultural influences, students majoring in social sciences gain valuable insights into patient behavior, mental health disorders, and the broader social determinants of health. Therefore, they are better equipped to approach healthcare with empathy, cultural sensitivity, and a thorough understanding of the human experience.

Specialized health sciences

Specialized health sciences encompass a variety of healthcare-related disciplines, including nursing, medical laboratory science, and radiologic technology. Such pre-med majors provide students with practical experience and extensive knowledge of clinical practices. Students in these fields acquire crucial skills for patient care, medical procedures, and diagnostics.

For pre-med students, this hands-on experience can be extremely valuable as it facilitates a better understanding of healthcare delivery and the roles of different healthcare professionals.


Additionally, humanities majors may not be directly connected to the natural sciences but still offer a valuable perspective to enrich a pre-med education. Majors such as philosophy, ethics, and literature can provide a solid foundation for critical thinking, ethical decision-making, and effective communication. These skills are essential to navigating healthcare’s complex moral and interpersonal dimensions.

Pre-med students who have a background in humanities can bring a well-rounded perspective to their medical practice, emphasizing the significance of empathy, compassion, and ethical integrity in patient care.

What’s the Best Pre-Med Major?

The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) annually publishes insightful data regarding the medical school application process. By examining the latest application cycle, we can gain valuable information about the most favorable pre-med majors based on various performance metrics and answer some key questions, such as:

The best pre-med major based on matriculation rate


The matriculation rate refers to the percentage of applicants accepted and enrolled in a particular program or institution. In the case of pre-med majors, it indicates the probability of students being accepted into medical school after completing their undergraduate studies in a specific field.

The data reveals that humanities boasts the highest acceptance rate among the mentioned majors, with an impressive 44.1% of students who pursued this academic track successfully matriculating into medical schools. Following closely behind are:

  • Physical sciences at 42.5%
  • Math and statistics at 40.4%
  • Biological sciences at 36.0%
  • Health sciences at 35.2%
  • Social sciences at 34.9%
  • Other majors at 33.7%

The best pre-med major based on the MCAT


Regarding performance on the MCAT, the data highlights the advantages of different pre-med majors. On average, students majoring in math and statistics demonstrated the highest MCAT scores, boasting an impressive 510.2. This exceptional performance highlights the rigorous analytical and problem-solving skills honed in this discipline. Following closely behind are majors in: 

  • Physical sciences with 509.1
  • Humanities with 508.2
  • Biological sciences with 505.9
  • Social sciences with 505.2
  • Other majors with 504.7
  • Health sciences with 503.2

The best pre-med major based on the number of applicants


Out of the 62,443 applicants, an impressive 58.5%—or 36,520 individuals—chose to major in biological sciences. This category encompasses specialized fields like molecular biology, cell biology, and neuroscience. The dominance of biological sciences, representing over half of all applicants, emphasizes its popularity as the primary choice for aspiring pre-med students aiming for success.

  • 8% in physical sciences, such as physics and chemistry
  • 4% in specialized health sciences, including nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and public health
  • 3% in humanities, such as history, English, and literature
  • 0.5% in math and statistics
  • 16% in other categories

Factors To Consider When Choosing a Pre-Med Major

There is no one-size-fits-all major that will guarantee success in your desired career as a healthcare professional since the best pre-med option ultimately depends on your strengths, interests, and career goals. To find the best one for you, consider the following factors:

Interest and passion

Firstly, selecting a major that genuinely captivates your interest and matches your passions is essential. This guarantees that you stay involved and driven throughout your academic journey. For instance, if you’re intrigued by the complexities of living organisms, pursuing a degree in biological sciences could be a perfect match.

Academic strength

When choosing a major, it’s also important to consider your strengths and skills in different subjects. If you excel in the sciences, majors like biology or chemistry may come naturally to you. On the other hand, if you have strong analytical and mathematical skills, a major in math and statistics could be a better fit.

Prerequisite coursework

Ensure you also check the specific prerequisites for medical school admission and confirm that your chosen major has the required courses in biology, chemistry, physics, and other relevant subjects. This will enable you to meet the academic requirements when applying to medical school.

Extracurricular opportunities

Keep in mind that some majors, like health sciences or biological sciences, offer more opportunities for relevant extracurricular activities, such as research, volunteering, or clinical experiences, providing direct exposure to healthcare settings and research labs.

Long-term career goals

When considering your long-term career goals in medicine, it’s essential to consider which majors will best prepare you for your desired specialty. For example, if you’re interested in neuroscience, pursuing a major in neuroscience or biology focusing on neurobiology could give you an advantage.

Backup plans and flexibility

Lastly, although pre-med is a specialized field, having a backup plan is helpful in case you don’t get into medical school immediately. Consider majors that provide versatile skills that can be applied to different career paths, giving you options beyond medical school.

The Bottom Line

Your choice of a pre-med major will shape your academic journey and lay the groundwork for the healer you aspire to become. So, choose one that resonates with you, sparks curiosity, and fuels your determination.

Ready to thrive in healthcare? Explore our institution and familiarize yourself with the prerequisites needed to join us in realizing your dream of making a difference in the world of healthcare.


What should I major in for pre-med?

Consider selecting a major that aligns with your interests and strengths while still fulfilling medical school prerequisites. Biological sciences are a common option for many students aspiring to enroll in medical school.

What is the easiest pre-med major?

There isn’t a universally “easiest” major; it depends on your strengths and interests.

What is the hardest pre-med major?

The difficulty of a major is subjective. Subjects like organic chemistry and advanced physics courses can be challenging, but the difficulty level largely depends on individual strengths and preferences.

Is a pre-med major hard to get into?

Admissions can be competitive, but gaining access to a pre-med program is achievable with dedication, strong academics, and relevant extracurriculars.

What majors do medical schools prefer?

Medical schools value diverse academic backgrounds. While traditional science majors are standard, any major with completed pre-med prerequisites is considered. Demonstrating a solid academic record and well-rounded skill set is vital.