Medical assistants play a vital role in the healthcare industry by supporting doctors and nurses in both clinical and administrative tasks. This role is becoming increasingly important, as there is a growing demand for skilled professionals to handle the expanding needs of healthcare facilities, especially with an aging population. In this competitive labor market, becoming a medical assistant is not just a wise choice but also a strategic move.

Understanding the educational requirements to practice this profession is key. And here is where we come in. In this blog post, we cover everything, from the education required to the salary and the job outlook. Read on to discover how to become a medical assistant and what to expect from this role!

What Medical Assistants Do

Medical assistants play a crucial role in healthcare settings, balancing patient care and administrative responsibilities. Regarding patient care, they often measure vital signs, help with exams, and provide patient education. For administrative tasks, they manage patient records, schedule appointments, and handle billing. Medical assistants may also perform basic laboratory tests, administer medications, and assist with minor procedures. Their duties can vary based on the specific needs of the healthcare facility, but their overall role is to support both the medical staff and the patients to ensure the smooth and efficient operation of healthcare services.

How to Become a Medical Assistant

Like any career path, becoming a medical assistant is demanding, especially in the world of medicine. That being said, you won’t need a university diploma, which often takes time to obtain.

Get a High School Diploma or GED

The journey begins early. To become a medical assistant, you typically need at least a high school diploma or an equivalent qualification like a GED (General Educational Development). After high school, you can further enhance your qualifications by enrolling in a medical assistant training program. These programs are offered at community colleges, vocational schools, and technical institutes. They usually last about 1 to 2 years and may result in a certificate, diploma, or associate degree. Some training programs also include an internship, which provides practical experience in a healthcare setting. This education prepares you for various tasks, from patient care to administrative duties in medical settings.

Complete a Medical Assistant Training Program

Next is the medical assistant training program, which comes in three main types: diploma, certificate, and associate degree programs. Diploma and certificate programs are shorter, often completed in less than a year, and focus on essential skills for immediate entry into the workforce. These programs cover basic clinical procedures like taking vital signs, administering injections, and managing electronic health records. Associate degree programs usually last two years and provide a more comprehensive education, including additional courses in anatomy, medical terminology, and sometimes general education subjects. All these programs equip students with the practical skills needed for performing both clinical and administrative tasks in healthcare settings.

Get Certified

Becoming certified is crucial in many fields, especially in medicine, which is a delicate field. Obtaining certification as a medical assistant offers several benefits, including higher job prospects, potential for better salaries, and enhanced credibility in the healthcare field. Certification involves meeting specific eligibility criteria, such as completing an accredited medical assistant training program. After meeting these prerequisites, you must pass a certification exam, which tests your knowledge in various areas of medical assisting, including clinical and administrative skills. Being certified demonstrates to employers that you have a professional level of knowledge and skills in medical assisting, making you a competitive candidate for many positions in healthcare settings.

Complete an Internship

Gaining hands-on experience through internships or externships is also necessary for those training to be medical assistants. It helps you apply classroom knowledge in real-world healthcare settings, enhancing your skills and boosting your confidence. To find these opportunities, start by checking with your training program, as many have connections with local clinics and hospitals. You can also reach out directly to healthcare providers like doctors’ offices and community health centers. When applying, be proactive: submit a polished resume, express your eagerness to learn, and follow up on your applications. These experiences are invaluable, making you more attractive to future employers.

Consider Specializing

Another step you should also consider is specializing. Furthering your education through administrative or clinical specialties can significantly enhance your career opportunities and job prospects. It allows you to focus on a particular set of skills, making you an expert in that area. For example, in an administrative specialty, you could become proficient in medical billing or coding, while a clinical specialty might focus on advanced patient care techniques or specific medical equipment. This expertise can make you more valuable to employers, potentially leading to higher pay and better job opportunities. It also enables you to work in various healthcare environments, from large hospitals to private practices.

Apply for a Job as a Medical Assistant

Once education and training are complete, it’s time to search the labor market. To apply for medical assistant positions, remember to prepare a clear and concise resume highlighting your education, certifications, and any relevant experience, including internships. A cover letter should complement your resume by expressing your enthusiasm for the role and explaining why you’re a good fit. Practice common interview questions to present yourself confidently. For your job search, utilize online job boards, the career services at your training institution, and directly contact healthcare facilities. Networking is also key, so make sure to attend industry conferences and join professional organizations to meet potential employers and learn about job openings. Always follow up on applications and interviews to show your interest and initiative.

Stay Up-To-Date With Continuing Education Requirements

As a medical assistant, continuing education is crucial to maintain certification and stay updated with industry developments. Regularly engaging in educational activities ensures that you remain knowledgeable about the latest medical practices and technologies, which is essential for providing quality patient care. To access continuing education opportunities, look for workshops, seminars, and online courses offered by professional healthcare organizations, training institutions, and industry associations. Many of these resources are tailored specifically to medical assistants. Additionally, some employers may also provide or reimburse for continuing education as part of their commitment to staff development. Keeping your skills sharp helps advance your career and enhances healthcare.

Skills Needed to Become a Medical Assistant


To become unstoppable in your expertise, it’s important to pay attention to certain skills. Those include: 

  1. Communication Skills: Effective communication is crucial for interacting with patients, doctors, and other healthcare staff. You can improve these skills through customer service jobs or by practicing in role-playing scenarios.
  2. Organizational Skills: Being organized helps manage patient files and schedule appointments efficiently. Training programs often include tasks that enhance these skills, and using daily planners or digital tools can also help.
  3. Clinical Skills: Handling medical equipment and performing procedures are core duties. Gain proficiency through hands-on practice during training programs and internships.

Developing these skills through both education and practical experiences will enhance your ability and confidence in the role.

Job Outlook and Salary

The job outlook for medical assistants is very promising, with a projected growth rate much faster than average for all occupations. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of medical assistants is projected to grow by 14% in the following decade. This growth is driven by an aging population and a greater need for healthcare services.

As for salary, factors that can influence how much medical assistants earn include location, experience, and specialization. Typically, medical assistants working in metropolitan areas tend to earn more due to higher living costs. The average salary, though, is $38,270 per year. More experience and specialized skills, such as expertise in a specific type of medical technology or a particular area of medicine, can lead to higher wages.

Similar Careers to Medical Assisting

Medical assisting serves as a foundational role in healthcare, offering skills that are transferable to many other positions in the field. For those interested in exploring alternative career paths, there are several options where the skills acquired, such as patient care, administrative tasks, and clinical knowledge, are highly valuable.

Similar careers to medical assisting that you can explore are: 

  • Phlebotomist
  • Nursing Assistant
  • EKG Technician
  • Surgical Technologist
  • Medical Office Assistant
  • Dental Hygienist
  • Medical Claims Examiner
  • Health Information Technician
  • Home Health Aide
  • Medical Clerk

Whatever you decide to pursue, keep in mind that kindness and professionalism are paramount in patient care. 


Becoming a medical assistant requires at least a high school diploma, followed by a training program in either a diploma, certificate, or associate degree format. These programs equip you with essential clinical and administrative skills. The field offers strong job growth and opportunities for advancement through further education and specialization. 

If you’re passionate about healthcare, pursuing a career as a medical assistant could be rewarding. Embrace the opportunities to grow and develop professionally in this dynamic field.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

How long does it take to become a medical assistant?

It typically takes 1 to 2 years to become a medical assistant, depending on whether you pursue a certificate, diploma, or associate degree.

Do I have to go to college to become a medical assistant?

You don’t necessarily have to go to college to become a medical assistant; many vocational schools and technical institutes also offer accredited medical assistant programs.

How old do you have to be to become a medical assistant?

You can start training to become a medical assistant as soon as you have a high school diploma or GED, usually around the age of 18.

How much does it cost to become a medical assistant?

The cost of becoming a medical assistant can vary widely, ranging from $1,200 to $15,000, depending on the type of program and the institution offering it.