In the pursuit of medical education, the application process serves as a crucial gateway to realizing one’s aspirations of becoming a healthcare professional. It is not an easy process. You need to collect various documents such as academic transcripts, standardized test scores, personal statements, recommendations, proofs of extracurricular activities, and more. While tiring for the students, the application process is interspersal for medical schools to ensure they are admitting students who have the ability to care about people’s health. 

In this process, a key question arises: how important are letters of recommendation for medical school? Well, letters of recommendation hold particular significance, offering a personal and qualitative assessment of the applicant’s character, abilities, and potential to excel in the demanding field of medicine. Today, we will explore why you should focus on submitting a stellar letter of recommendation and the steps on how to do that. 

What is a Letter of Recommendation?

A letter of recommendation is a formal document written by an individual, often referred to as a referee or recommender, to endorse and advocate for another person’s qualifications, character, or abilities. Typically, these letters support an individual’s application for a job, educational program, scholarship, or any other opportunity where an assessment of the candidate’s merit is required. 

In these documents, the referees highlight the candidate’s strengths, achievements, skills, and personal qualities. The purpose is to provide valuable insights to decision-makers (in this case medical school admission committee) beyond what may be evident from resumes or transcripts alone.

Professors, employers, supervisors, mentors, and professionals in various fields, such as physicians or researchers, are among those commonly tasked with writing letters of recommendation due to their familiarity with the candidate’s work, character, and potential for success in their intended pursuit.

Why are Letters of Recommendation Important for Medical School?

Letters of recommendation play a crucial role in the medical school application process. They provide admissions committees with a holistic view of the applicant, beyond their academic achievements and test scores.

Through their recommendation, referees present the candidate’s personal qualities, professional abilities, and suitability for a career in medicine, often portraying attributes such as empathy, communication skills, and ethical judgment. As a result, medical schools gain valuable insights into the candidate’s character and potential as a future physician by soliciting letters from individuals who have directly observed the applicant’s interactions in academic, clinical, or research settings. 

Moreover, letters of recommendation complement other application components, such as personal statements and interviews, by offering third-party validation of the applicant’s claims and aspirations. They lend credibility to the application by providing concrete examples and anecdotes that illustrate the candidate’s strengths and contributions.

Overall, these letters provide admissions committees with a nuanced understanding of the applicant, helping them make informed decisions in selecting individuals who possess the academic prowess, interpersonal skills, and commitment necessary to excel in the field of medicine.

What Makes a Strong Letter of Recommendation for Medical School?

As we explained, letters of recommendation are substantial in the medical school admission process. As such, you (and the person writing them) should carefully plan all their components when preparing them. 

A strong letter of recommendation for any medical program is characterized by its ability to provide concrete examples, personal anecdotes, and insights into the applicant’s motivation and dedication to the field of medicine.

Effective letters go beyond merely listing achievements and instead offer compelling narratives that highlight the applicant’s passion, resilience, and suitability for a career in healthcare. They may include specific instances where the applicant demonstrated exceptional clinical skills, leadership abilities, or a commitment to serving others. This way, the admission committee will get a glimpse into their potential as a future physician. 

Additionally, evaluators seek letters that attest to the applicant’s professionalism, dedication, and interpersonal skills, emphasizing traits such as empathy, communication, and collaboration that are essential for success in the medical profession.

How to Write a Letter of Recommendation for Medical School?

Writing a powerful letter of recommendation for medical school demands a thoughtful approach that effectively showcases the applicant’s strengths and experiences. In this case, as a recommender, you should begin by identifying the candidate’s standout qualities, experiences, and accomplishments.

Here, you need to be specific and detailed in their descriptions, providing concrete examples that demonstrate their exceptional abilities and potential as a future healthcare professional. You also need to highlight relevant skills such as critical thinking, empathy, communication, and teamwork. However, you should present them through a lens that illustrates how these attributes have been demonstrated in academic, clinical, or extracurricular settings and will help the applicant succeed in medical school.  

Keep in mind integrity and honesty in these documents cannot be overstated. So, during the writing process, refrain from exaggeration or providing false claims regarding the abilities of the applicant. Ethical considerations are paramount, so only information that you genuinely endorse and you can support with confidence should go in the letter.

Besides, personalizing the letter to reflect your unique perspective and relationship with the applicant strengthens it. This is because it conveys your genuine enthusiasm and endorsement of their candidacy.

By adhering to these principles and guidelines, you can craft a compelling letter of recommendation that effectively advocates for the applicant and bolsters their chances of success in the medical school admissions process.

Common mistakes to avoid when writing a letter of recommendation

While we discussed what makes the letter stronger, you should also be aware of the practices you should avoid if you want it to be a success. Some of the most common mistakes that are often overlooked by recommenders are:

  1. Overly Generic or Vague Letters: One of the most common pitfalls is crafting a letter that lacks specificity and depth. For instance, avoid using generic language such as ‘hardworking’ or ‘team player’ that don’t really show the application’s abilities. Instead, provide concrete examples and anecdotes such as ‘consistently met project deadlines’ or ‘led a successful team project’ that highlight the applicant’s unique strengths and qualifications. The rule of thumb to avoid such generic language is to follow the “show, don’t tell” saying. Use the language that shows what the applicant is, not tell what she/he was. 
  2.  Including Inappropriate Sources: It’s essential to choose recommenders who have direct experience with the applicant and can accurately speak to their abilities and character. This is because a recommender who has worked closely with the applicant can provide more detailed and accurate insights into their qualifications and personal characteristics. For example, a highly-regarded professor you took a class once cannot provide the same insights as your internship manager. So, avoid selecting individuals solely based on their title or position if they cannot provide meaningful insights into your qualifications.
  3. Lack of Specific Examples or Evidence: A recommendation letter should list the applicant’s qualities and provide evidence to support these claims. So, a strong letter should include specific examples of the applicant’s achievements, contributions, and skills to substantiate your assessment. 
  4. Ignoring Application Deadline: Missing the application deadline can significantly impact the applicant’s chances of consideration. Ensure that you know the submission deadlines and plan accordingly to submit the letter promptly. Ignoring deadlines can reflect poorly on both the applicant and the recommender.

By skillfully avoiding these common mistakes, you can confidently ensure that your letter of recommendation effectively advocates for the applicant and strengthens their application. 

How to Request a Letter of Recommendation?

Requesting a letter of recommendation for medical school requires careful planning and consideration. First, you should choose the right recommenders who are familiar with your work, character, and potential as a future healthcare professional. Consider professors, supervisors, mentors, or healthcare professionals who can provide insightful and enthusiastic endorsements. Try to pick one that you had close contact with. This way, they can provide substantial examples and personal experiences which are crucial for a successful letter of recommendation. 

Once potential recommenders are identified, you should provide them with the necessary information, including a copy of your resume, transcripts, personal statement, and any specific guidelines or forms provided by the medical school. This allows recommenders to tailor their letters to effectively highlight your strengths and experiences. Discuss with them which part of your character you would like to present in these documents and the achievement (which is related to your relationship with the recommender) you want to highlight. 

Additionally, you should communicate clearly about the timing and deadlines for submitting the letter, taking into account the application deadlines for medical schools and any additional requirements or processing times. Requesting letters well in advance is essential to provide recommenders with ample time to craft thoughtful and comprehensive recommendations. The deadline for the recommender should be well in advance of the medical school application deadline. This will allow you to be on time even if the recommender didn’t submit the document in time. 


In conclusion, letters of recommendation hold immense significance in medical school applications. They offer admissions committees valuable insights into applicants’ character, capabilities, and potential beyond academic metrics. 

By leveraging the power of compelling letters of recommendation, you can enhance your candidacy and stand out in a competitive admissions landscape. This will ultimately increase your chances of securing admission to medical school and embarking on a fulfilling career in healthcare.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long should the medical school recommendation letter be?

Medical school recommendation letters typically range from one to three pages, but their length matters less than their content’s quality and depth.

Who should I ask for a recommendation letter for medical school?

Ask individuals who know you well and can speak to your academic abilities, character, and potential as a future healthcare professional, such as professors, supervisors, or healthcare mentors.

How many letters of recommendation do I need for medical school? 

Most medical schools require a minimum of two to three letters of recommendation, but it’s wise to check each school’s specific requirements and recommendations.