BS/MD and BA/MD programs are highly sought after by aspiring doctors. If you know that medical school is in your future, you may want to start planning now to take advantage of these selective, yet beneficial pathways to med school. Read on to learn more about BA/MD and BS/MD programs to find out if they may be a good fit for you.

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What are combined degree pre-med programs?

Combined degree programs offer students a more efficient pathway to following a pre-med or medical school track throughout their post-high-school education. For most programs, students will apply during their senior year in high school. If they are accepted into the program, they will be reserved a spot in both an undergraduate institution and medical school, on the condition that they continue to meet all program requirements once accepted.

This provides a streamlined pathway for students to earn an undergraduate degree (typically a BS or BA degree) and a doctorate degree (typically MD or DO) if all program requirements are met. Each program is unique and is generally governed by an articulation agreement between two schools, or the program is designed for students to complete both their undergraduate work and medical school at the same institution.

Some combined degree programs offer reduced timelines, such as completing an 8-year program in only 7 years. Other programs offer special scholarships, reduced application requirements, or waived testing requirements for qualified students who are accepted into the program.

Is a combined degree program right for me?

Combined degree programs can save students thousands of dollars off the cost of a traditional medical school pathway. Since combined degree programs are typically reserved for promising students who demonstrate both capability and aspiration for the medical field, many partner institutions also incorporate specialized learning opportunities to further cultivate the educational experience.

To qualify for these highly specialized programs, students must meet multiple application requirements, including test scores, GPA requirements, written essays, and personal interviews. The application process is can be highly competitive, with many programs typically accepting less than 10% of applicants each year.

A combined degree program may be right for you if:

  • You are confident that going to medical school is your ideal career pathway.
  • You can demonstrate academic excellence through your GPA, standardized test scores, or both.
  • Your preferred medical schools have articulation agreements with undergraduate partner institutions.
  • You have teachers and other professional associates who can write letters of recommendation confirming your high academic performance and interest in the medical field.
  • You are looking for ways to reduce the overall cost of your medical school education.
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Types of combined degree programs

If you’ve always dreamed of becoming a doctor and know that medical school is in your future, applying to a combined degree program could be worth your effort. But not all combined degree programs are equal, so it’s important to research carefully before investing the time and effort to apply.

BS/MD programs & BA/MD programs

With a BS/MD or BA/MD program, you will complete either a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS) degree at an undergraduate institution, then transfer seamlessly to medical school to complete your Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree.

Sometimes the undergraduate institution and medical school are part of the same larger university, while some combined pre-med programs are arranged through articulation agreements between different universities. Some programs allow you to choose any undergraduate program to earn your Bachelor’s degree, while other programs are extremely regimented and specify an exact undergraduate degree to maintain your qualification for medical school.

BS/DO programs & BA/DO programs

With a BS/DO or BA/DO program, you will complete either a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS) degree at an undergraduate institution, then transfer seamlessly to medical school to complete your Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree. DOs are full-fledged licensed physicians with a focus on using the body’s natural healing abilities without a heavy focus on treatment with prescription drugs. You can find more info on the differences between MDs and DOs here.

Since DO programs are not quite as prevalent in the United States, there are not as many BS/DO or BA/DO programs available to aspiring medical students. However, these combined degree programs are comparable to their BS/MD or BA/MD counterparts. Before applying, you should check the requirements, timelines, and benefits to make sure the program is a good fit for you.

Pros & Cons of combined medical degree programs

Combined degree programs can be a wonderful opportunity to secure a coveted spot in medical school and solidify your plans for the future. But these programs aren’t a perfect fit for everyone. Before investing the time to compare programs, choose a pathway, and fulfill all the application requirements, spend some time weighing the pros and cons of combined medical degree programs.

Pros of combined degree programs

  • Acceptance to some programs includes scholarship money.
  • Programs may provide pathways to earn two degrees in less time, which saves money on tuition and fees.
  • Your spot in medical school is guaranteed, so you won’t have to spend time during your undergrad program applying to medical school.
  • Some programs provide an MCAT waiver – no MCAT required to get into medical school!
  • Many programs offer additional development opportunities as part of your acceptance into the program.
  • Acceptance into a highly competitive combined degree program can be a great resume builder for residency applications.
  • You begin to build professional relationships with people in the medical field earlier in your college career.

Cons of combined degree programs

  • Programs are highly competitive; most combined medical degree programs have acceptance rates less than 10%.
  • In many cases, extremely high SAT/ACT test scores and GPAs are required for consideration.
  • Some programs require exclusive commitment; if you accept a spot in the program, you are not allowed to apply to any other medical schools.
  • Additional application paperwork, written essays, and personal interviews are usually required as part of the application process.
student studying in bamd program

How to get into a BS/MD or BA/MD program

Landing a coveted spot in a BS/MD program begins early in your high school career. As part of the application process, you’ll be asked to provide complete transcripts of your entire high school curriculum, so the first step is to earn good grades throughout high school. You’ll also need to study and take the SAT or ACT during your junior year or early in your senior year so you can have those scores on file and ready to submit with your applications.

Most applications for BS/MD programs are only open to high school seniors, and many application deadlines are scheduled for October – December during a student’s senior year. There are rarely exceptions or extensions on these application deadlines, so careful planning is critical.

Some programs also require that you fill out multiple applications – a standard application for admission to the undergraduate institution and a secondary application to the specific combined degree program. In some cases, you may also need to apply for admission to a school’s honors college to qualify for the program.

Many applications require one or more written essay responses, and you may need to submit letters of recommendation from one or more of your professional or academic contacts. Most schools require all parts of your application to be submitted together, so allow for plenty of time before your submission deadlines to gather the necessary application materials.

What BS/MD or BA/MD programs are available?

There are many BS/MD and BA/MD programs available for students who want to enter medical school. Colleges also form new partnerships and articulation agreements regularly, so new programs may become available each year. Likewise, schools may choose to end programs due to lack of funding, fewer available spots in the medical program, or a variety of other factors, such as the impact of the pandemic. While program information changes regularly, we’ve gathered the most up-to-date information on BS/MD and BA/MD programs that are currently accepting applicants for the Fall 2021 cycle and beyond.

Institution Degree Score Requirements Acceptance Rate Program Length
Union College / Clarkson University / Albany Medical College BS / MS or MBA / MD 1410 SAT / 30 ACT 12% for Fall 2020 8 years
Siena College / Albany Medical College BA / MD 1360 SAT / 30 ACT Only 15 accepted each year 8 years
Rensseleaer Polytechnic Institute / Albany Medical College BS / MD Not reported Not reported 7 years
Rice University / Baylor College of Medicine BS / MD 1470 SAT * / 33 ACT * 9% general acceptance rate for Rice University 8 years
Baylor University / Baylor College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1430 SAT / 32 ACT / 3.7 GPA Only 6 accepted each year 8 years
DeBakey High School for Health Professionals / University of Houston / Baylor College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 580 critical reading/ 600 math / 520 writing / GPA 3.5 Only 6 accepted each year 8 years
Boston University / Boston University School of Medicine BA / MD 1420 SAT * / 32 ACT * / 3.2 undergrad GPA 5% general acceptance rate for BU 7 years
Brown University / Brown University Alpert School of Medicine BA or BS / MD 1512 SAT * / 34 ACT * 3.6% acceptance to the PLME program in 2019 8 years
Pre-Professional Scholars Program at Case Western Reserve University / School of Medicine BA or BS / MD 1360 SAT / 30 ACT Not reported 8 years
Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education / CUNY School of Medicine BS / MD SAT and ACT Scores not considered for Fall 2021 cycle Not reported 7 years
Drexel University BS or BA / MD 1420 SAT / 31 ACT / 3.5 GPA 2.8% acceptance for Fall 2020 cycle 8 years
East Carolina University / Brody School of Medicine BS or BA / MD Test scores optional for Fall 2021 cycle / min 3.5 unweighted or 4.0 weighted GPA Only 4 accepted each year 8 years
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University / ECU Brody School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1270 SAT / 27 ACT / 3.5 GPA Only 8 accepted each year 8 years
Florida Atlantic University Harriet L Wilkes Honors College / FAU College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1490 SAT / 33 ACT / 4.3 weighted GPA Not reported 7 or 8 years
Florida A&M University / Florida Atlantic University College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1290 SAT / 29 ACT / 3.5 GPA Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
Florida State University / FSU College of Medicine BS / MD 1440 SAT / 32 ACT / 4.2 weighted GPA Not reported 7-8 years
University of the Sciences / Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine BS / MD 1220 SAT / 25 ACT / 3.4 GPA Not reported 8 years
George Washington University / GWU School of Medicine and Health Sciences BA / MD Test scores optional for Fall 2021 cycle (Typically requires scores above 90th%) Not reported 7 years
St. Bonaventure University / George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences BS / MD 1390 SAT / 30 ACT Not reported 8 years
Hofstra University / Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1410 SAT / 32 ACT / 3.7 GPA Not reported 8 years
Howard University / College of Medicine BS / MD Undergrad GPA of 3.5 / 504 MCAT Not reported 6 years
Indiana State University / Indiana University School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1270 SAT / 27 ACT / 3.5 GPA Not reported 8 years
University of Southern Indiana / Indiana University School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1280 SAT / 27 ACT / 3.5 GPA Only 6 accepted each year 8 years
University of Evansville / Indiana University School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1350 SAT / 29 ACT / 4.0 GPA Only 8 accepted each year 8 years
Penn State / Thomas Jefferson University Sidney Kimmel Medical College BS / MD 1470 SAT / 32 ACT / top 10% class ranking Only 25 accepted each year 7 years
Marshall University / Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine BS / MD 1390 SAT / 30 ACT / 3.75 GPA Varying acceptances each year based on funding and number of qualified applicants 7 years
Augusta University / Medical College of Georgia BS / MD 1450 SAT / 32 ACT / 3.7 GPA Only 30 accepted each year 7 years
Mercer University / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1190 SAT / 26 ACT / 3.99 GPA Only 18 accepted each year 8 years
Northwestern University / Feinberg School of Medicine BA / MD Not reported Not taking applications for fall 2021 cycle 7 years
Wilkes University / Penn State Hershey College of Medicine BS / MD 1310 SAT / rank in top 10% of high school class Not reported 8 years
Various approved undergraduate institutions / Rutgers New Jersey Medical School BS or BA / MD 1400 SAT / rank in top 10% of high school class Not reported 7 years
Seton Hall University / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1400 SAT / 30 ACT / 3.6 unweighted GPA Not reported 8 years
Adelphi University / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS / MD 1360 SAT / 31 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Not reported 8 years
Hampton University / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS / MD 1200 SAT / 25 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Purchase College / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1200 SAT / 25 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
Rochester Institute of Technology / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
SUNY Polytechnic Institute / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1200 SAT / 25 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1200 SAT / 25 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Spelman College / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Syracuse University / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 7 or 8 years
University at Albany / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
Yeshiva University / SUNY Upstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1360 SAT / 29 ACT / 90% average on high school coursework Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Brooklyn College / SUNY Downstate College of Medicine BS or BA / MD Not reported Only 15 accepted each year 8 years
StonyBrook University / College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1490 SAT * / 35 ACT * / 98-99% GPA Reported as "highly competitive" 8 years
Saint Louis University / SLU School of Medicine BS or BA / MD Not reported Not reported 8 years
Washington & Jefferson College / Temple University School of Medicine BA / MD 1350 SAT / 31 ACT / rank in top 5% of high school class Not reported 8 years
Washington & Jefferson College / Jefferson University Sidney Kimmel Medical College BA / MD 1200 SAT / 26 ACT Only 4 accepted each year 7 years
Temple University / Temple University School of Medicine BS or BA / MD Test optional; specific scores not reported; min 3.8 high school GPA Varying acceptances based on number of applicants and strength of applications 7 or 8 years
Various approved undergraduate institutions / Texas A&M University Medical School BS or BA / MD 1200 SAT / 26 ACT / 3.5 GPA Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
Texas Tech University / TTU Health Sciences Center School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1360 SAT / 30 ACT / rank in top 10% of high school class Not reported 8 years
University of Alabama / School of Medicine BS / MD 1360 SAT / 30 ACT / 3.5 GPA Not reported 8 years
University of Cincinnati / College of Medicine BS / MD 1300 SAT / 29 ACT Cancelled for Fall 2021 cycle 8 years
University of Colorado / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1185 SAT / 27 ACT / 3.5 GPA Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
University of Connecticut / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD Test optional; specific scores not reported; min 3.5 high school GPA Not reported 8 years
University of Illinois Chicago / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1310 SAT * / 28 ACT * / rank in top 15% of high school class 8% of medical applicants accepted in 2017; typically between 45-55 seats accepted each year 8 years
University of Louisville / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1390 SAT / 31 ACT / 3.75 GPA Not reported 8 years
University of Minnesota / Medical School BA / MD Test optional for fall 2021 cycle Only 10 accepted each year 7 years
University of Missouri Kansas City / School of Medicine BA / MD 1160 SAT * / 24 ACT * / 3.0 GPA Varying acceptances based on number of applicants and strength of applications 6 years
Chadron State College / University of Nebraska Medical Center BS or BA / MD 24 ACT * Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
Wayne State College / University of Nebraska Medical Center BS or BA / MD 24 ACT * Only 5 accepted each year 8 years
University of Nevada / Reno School of Medicine BS / MD 1320 SAT * / 28 ACT * / 3.65 GPA Only 6-12 accepted each year 8 years
University of New Mexico / School of Medicine BA / MD Average scores: 1307 SAT / 28 ACT / 4.31 GPA Only 28 accepted each year 8 years
University of Oklahoma / School of Medicine BA / MD 1390 SAT / 30 ACT / 3.75 GPA Only 5-8 accepted each year 8 years
University of Pittsburgh / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1490 SAT * / 34 ACT * Not reported 8 years
University of Rochester / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD Rank in top 3% of high school class / 3.95 unweighted GPA Not reported 8 years
University of South Alabama / College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1260 SAT / 27 ACT / 3.5 GPA Varying acceptances based on number of applicants and strength of applications 8 years
University of South Florida / Morsani College of Medicine BS / MD 1500 SAT / 34 ACT / 4.0 weighted GPA 15 students on average admitted each year 7 years
University of Toledo / College of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1310 SAT / 28 ACT / 3.5 GPA Varying acceptances based on number of applicants and strength of applications 8 years
Virginia Commonwealth University / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1330 SAT / 29 ACT / 3.5 GPA For Fall 2020 – 4.6% (31 out of 680 applicants) were accepted to the program 8 years
Wayne State University / School of Medicine BS or BA / MD 1310 SAT * / 28 ACT * / 3.5 GPA Only 10 accepted each year 8 years
student learning about BSMD at AUA

BS/MD programs with American University of Antigua

American University of Antigua, in partnership with two highly qualified undergraduate institutions, offers students the opportunity to land a spot in medical school through BS/MD pathways.

One program offers students the unique opportunity to earn three degrees – an Associate of Science (AS) degree, Bachelor of Science (BS) degree, and Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree. Students accepted to the program will complete their first two years of studies at American International College of Arts and Sciences – Antigua (AICASA). These two years provide an excellent foundation for medical school, and students who complete the program will earn an Associate of Science (AS) in Health Sciences at the end of those two years.

After transferring to American University of Antigua (AUA), students will complete two years of pre-clinical work and earn a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree from AUA. The program culminates in 2.5 years of additional clinical rotations, which can be completed at a variety of partner medical schools in the U.S., Antigua, or other international locations, when a student then earns the Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree.

Students who prefer to study in India can also complete two years of undergraduate work at Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), followed by 2 years of pre-clinical training at AUA and 2.5 years of clinical rotations at various partner institutions. Through this pathway, students will earn a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree and a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree from AUA.