What does the new year hold for the worlds of science and medicine? The possibilities are exciting, strange, wonderful, and everything in between:

Genetically-Modified Mosquitoes Will Be Used to Fight the Zika Virus

In November, certain communities in the Florida Keys approved a controversial ballot initiative to let a British company release a special strain of mosquitos that helped reduce the population of the disease-carrying insects when tested in the Cayman Islands and Brazil.

The First “Artificial Pancreas” Will Be Available for Type 1 Diabetics

The US Food and Drug Administration approved Medtronic’s MiniMed 670G in November for patients over 14 years of age  and is testing it with younger patients. The artificial pancreas will become available in spring 2017.

Physicians Will Perform the First Human Head Transplant

Dr. Sergio Canavero, an Italian neuroscientist, plans to replace the head of a Russian man suffering from a degenerative muscle condition disease that breaks down the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord responsible for helping the body to move. For this effort, Canavero has recruited Dr. Xiaoping Ren, a surgeon from China. Though the procedure has been successfully performed on mice, Canavero’s plans have some members of the medical community in an uproar.

An AIDS Vaccine Could Become Available

Called PRO 140 and manufactured by CytoDyn, the injectable treatment works by blocking an HIV co-receptor found on T-cells. The vaccine has been shown to create a “complete viral-load suppression” in a small Phase I trial.

For more amazing developments we may see in 2017, check out this list.