Choosing a career in surgery is a major decision that requires a deep understanding of the profession. Before pursuing this path, it’s crucial for individuals to consider how well the surgeon’s lifestyle and responsibilities align with their personal and professional goals.

In this blog post, we have crafted an overview of the pros and cons of a career in surgery, which will hopefully answer your question, “Is becoming a surgeon worth it?” Read on to explore the requirements, financial gains, and other perks of becoming a surgeon. 

What Is a Surgeon?

A surgeon is a qualified doctor who performs operations to fix injuries, diseases, or deformities. They are experts in using special tools to make incisions and repair or remove damaged parts of the body. Because their work is highly delicate, surgeons operate in clean, sterile rooms called operating theaters. 

Their areas of expertise typically include heart surgery, brain surgery, or general surgery, which covers a wide range of procedures. They can perform many types of surgeries, such as removing tumors, repairing broken bones, or transplanting organs, which makes them crucial in treating serious health issues and helping patients recover.

What Does a Surgeon Do?

Surgeons provide well-rounded treatment to their patients, starting with diagnosis and treatment and ending with post-treatment care. 

  • Before surgery, they assess the patient’s health and plan the operation, discussing risks and benefits with the patient. 
  • During surgery, they lead a team in the operating room, using special tools to cut, repair, or remove parts of the body to cure them.
  • After surgery, they oversee the patient’s recovery, managing pain and monitoring for complications. 

In addition, surgeons work closely with other healthcare professionals, like nurses and anesthesiologists, to ensure comprehensive care. They regularly update their skills and knowledge to provide the best possible outcomes for their patients.

Is Becoming a Surgeon Worth It?

A career in the field of surgery has its advantages and disadvantages. It’s important to consider both aspects before making a final decision. 

Pros of Being a Surgeon

Becoming a surgeon will help you expand your knowledge in the medical field and work with a team of professionals. All this in exchange for a high yearly income and the satisfaction of saving lives. 

1. Strong knowledge base

One of the pros of becoming a surgeon is the knowledge acquired. Surgeons gain extensive medical knowledge and expertise through years of rigorous training and practice. In addition, they constantly learn about the latest medical techniques and technologies throughout their careers. Their deep understanding allows them to make informed decisions about patient care, perform complex surgeries, and handle unexpected challenges during operations. This makes them experts in their field and equips them to improve and often save lives, making their role crucial in healthcare.

2. Ability to help others

Surgeons have a profound impact on patients’ lives by performing operations that improve health, alleviate pain, and restore bodily functions. Whether it’s repairing injuries, removing cancerous tumors, or performing organ transplants, they make critical interventions that can lead to significant improvements in quality of life. Their work often provides relief from chronic pain and enables patients to return to their daily activities. This ability to dramatically change lives underscores the vital role surgeons play in healthcare.

3. High average salary

Another advantage is the salary; surgeons are among the highest-paid professionals in the healthcare field. Their extensive training and the critical nature of their work are reflected in their high salaries, which can reach $340,00 or more yearly. A career in surgery offers significant financial rewards, providing a level of financial security that is much higher than many other professions. This financial compensation acknowledges the complex skills required, the responsibility surgeons hold, and the long hours they often work, making surgery a financially attractive career choice.

4. Teamwork

Surgery is a team effort involving close collaboration between surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and other healthcare professionals. Each member plays a crucial role, from preparing for the operation to the actual surgery and post-operative care. Working together, the team ensures that each step is carefully coordinated, which is essential for the safety and recovery of the patient. This teamwork is key to successful outcomes, as it allows for a comprehensive approach to patient care, combining various expertise and perspectives.

Cons of Being a Surgeon

Along with benefits, being a surgeon will pose a variety of challenges that one must consider. Working long hours in a high-pressure environment while also dedicating lots of time to studying and training are among the main cons of a career in surgery. 

1. Overtime hours

Being a surgeon involves demanding work hours that often extend beyond a typical workday. Surgeons frequently work overtime and remain on-call, meaning they must be ready to perform emergency surgeries at any time, day or night. This schedule can be unpredictable and exhausting, leading to long periods away from home and personal activities. The intense commitment required can make it challenging to maintain a balanced lifestyle, affecting both personal well-being and family time.

2. Extensive educational requirements

As mentioned, becoming a surgeon requires many years of rigorous education and training. After completing a four-year medical degree, which you can obtain through our program, aspiring surgeons must undergo a residency program, which typically lasts about five to seven years. Some may even pursue further specialization through fellowships, adding additional years to their training. This extensive process demands significant time and effort, often involving intense study and hands-on clinical experience to develop the necessary skills to perform complex surgical procedures.

3.High education costs

The path to becoming a surgeon is not only long but also expensive. Medical school often comes with high tuition fees, and the years spent in residency and possibly fellowship do not always compensate well financially. This results in substantial student debt for many aspiring surgeons. The financial burden from education can be overwhelming and takes years to manage, even with the high salaries surgeons can earn later. These costs are a significant consideration for anyone thinking about a career in surgery.

4.High-pressure work

Being a surgeon involves a high level of stress and pressure due to the critical nature of their work. Surgeons carry the immense responsibility of making life-altering decisions during complex procedures, where a single mistake can have serious consequences. This responsibility for patients’ lives can be emotionally taxing, as the outcome of surgeries can directly affect not only the patients but also their families. The need to remain precise and focused for long hours adds to the mental and emotional strain, making the surgical profession one of the most demanding in healthcare.

Factors To Consider When Making Your Decision


Upon deciding to pursue a career as a surgeon, you should consider several key factors to ensure they align with your interests, lifestyle preferences, and long-term career goals. Here are some important points to think about:

  1. Personal Interests: You should have a strong interest in medicine, science, and helping others through direct intervention. Being passionate about understanding the human body and enjoying hands-on work are crucial. Think about the different types of surgeons you can become and make your decision accordingly. 
  2. Academic Commitment: Surgery requires extensive academic work. You must be prepared for many years of challenging study, including medical school, residency, and possibly fellowship. A love for continuous learning and research is important.
  3. Lifestyle Preferences: The life of a surgeon is demanding. It involves long hours, being on call, and working under pressure. Consider whether you can handle irregular hours and reduced time for personal activities. The job can significantly affect work-life balance.
  4. Stress and Responsibility: Surgeons carry a great deal of responsibility as their decisions directly impact patient outcomes. Consider whether you can manage high-stress situations and the emotional toll of patient care.
  5. Financial Investment: Be aware of the financial commitment for medical education, which can be substantial. Though the profession is well-compensated, it requires a significant upfront investment.
  6. Career Goals: Reflect on your long-term career aspirations. Surgery offers opportunities for specialization and leadership but demands dedication and resilience. Consider whether this path supports your professional ambitions and personal growth.

Weighing these factors will also help you decide if a career in surgery is the right path for you.

Bottom Line

Deciding to become a surgeon requires careful consideration of several factors. A deep interest in medicine, readiness for extensive training, and a commitment to a demanding lifestyle should be carefully considered. You must also handle high stress and significant financial costs. The ability to help people during critical moments while gaining a satisfactory financial income is an advantage you should definitely think about, too.

Reflecting on how well this career fits with your personal life and long-term goals is essential before committing to the challenging yet rewarding path of surgery. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Can surgeons have a normal life?

Surgeons can have a normal life, but they often face challenges balancing demanding work hours and personal time, which requires careful planning and support.

What type of surgeon gets paid the most?

Neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons typically earn the highest salaries among surgeons due to the complex and critical nature of their procedures.

Is it harder to be a doctor or surgeon?

Both roles are challenging, but being a surgeon involves additional physical demands and high-stress situations due to the nature of surgical procedures.

Is being a surgeon hard?

Yes, being a surgeon is hard; it requires extensive training, continuous education, and the ability to perform under pressure, often in life-saving situations.