Did you know that by 2025, the United States will be short of 90,000 primary care physicians?  Thankfully, many Caribbean medical school graduates secure primary care residencies, which allow them to make a significant difference in their communities. Here’s a little more info about each type of primary care specialty:

Internal Medicine

Internists are the meta-doctors of medicine – other doctors usually call on them for medical advice. They are experts in preventing and diagnosing disease in adults and solving medical mysteries that might challenge other specialists. Essentially, they are the Sherlock Holmes of medicine. Through fellowships, they can also sub-specialize in cardiology, critical care, oncology, endocrinology, and many other fields.

Family Medicine

Family medicine physicians cover much of the same ground as internists but they treat patients of all ages. They commonly serve communities in rural and urban areas that are most in need of their care. Because there is a high demand for family medicine physicians in nearly every state, there are many residency opportunities throughout the country. These doctors also typically work from 9-5 , which allows them keep a pretty normal schedule.


If you want to join a specialty that has been the most adversely affected by the physician shortage, you should become an obstetrician. Although residency availability is insufficient, there hasn’t been a push to add more seats, which means it’s just as competitive as earning a surgery position. However, you will do a lot of good across the United States. Women can suffer from a range of unique health issues and these specialists are more than prepared to treat them. Sub-specialties include reproductive endocrinology, maternal-fetal medicine, and menopausal gynecology.


Kids! Can’t live without them – well, the human race can’t. Pediatricians are at the forefront of protecting our future by treating the youngest human beings. Sub-specialties are similar to internal medicine (i.e. oncology, endocrinology, etc.) but with a focus on children since their developing physiology can make it more difficult to treat ailments.

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