Clinical Science Program
AUA College of Medicine students have networked with hospital administrators and medical professionals to secure excellent residency positions all over the United States and Canada. Our Clinical Sciences curriculum includes core and elective rotations in more than 35 hospitals throughout the U.S.
During the clinical education in semesters 6 through 10 (years 3 and 4), students continue to develop clinical and communication skills in all areas of patient care, under the direction of the medical faculty at teaching hospitals in a patient-centered environment.
The clinical education consists of 84 weeks of core and elective rotations.
The FAM1/INT1 (six weeks) preliminary clinical training course is an integral component of the Sixth Semester. It focuses on enhancing the skills required to perform physical examinations and to interact with patients, family, and healthcare providers in a U.S. medical environment. The 44 weeks of clinical core rotations (Internal Medicine – twelve weeks; Surgery – eight weeks; Family Medicine – six weeks; OB/GYN – six weeks; Pediatrics – six weeks; Psychiatry – six weeks) include in-hospital patient care that might be combined with outpatient office experience where permitted by state law, creating a learning environment in which clinical competence can be achieved.
In addition, students have the opportunity to enhance their medical knowledge and strengthen their clinical skills during the 34 weeks of clinical elective rotations in subspecialties of the core subjects, other medical specialties, and research. In general, the duration of an elective rotation is four weeks.
The clinical rotations are an integrated educational experience which allow students to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and professionalism essential to caring for patients effectively, efficiently, and humanely. The faculty’s goal is to facilitate learning, to stimulate curiosity, to promote independent thinking, to encourage compassion, to inspire excellent care, and to equip students with the tools for a lifetime of learning. The acquisition of clinical knowledge during the clinical clerkship is supplemented by core, subject-specific, clinical content provided via the University’s Blackboard Learn platform.
If you are an AUA clinical student, click here.
Core rotations are the foundation of clinical education and allow students to apply the knowledge they learned in Basic Sciences to evaluating patients, laboratory data, and histories. These rotations take place in hospitals across the United States, Canada, and the UK. Students who complete their core rotations in the UK must be UK citizens.
Internal Medicine (12 weeks)
Students gain general knowledge of internal medicine, which includes health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment of men and women from adolescence through old age, from times of health through all stages of acute and chronic illness. Additionally, students develop skills in problem solving, decision making, and an attitude of caring driven by humanistic and professional values. This rotation incorporates a consideration of human biology, behavior, and understanding of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of disease and the mechanisms of treatment. Students master clinical skills in interviewing, physical examination, differential diagnosis, diagnostic testing strategies, therapeutic techniques, counseling, and disease prevention.
Surgery (8 weeks)
Students will gain an appreciation of the specific role of surgeons in the spectrum of medical care. This clerkship introduces the principles of surgery and the rationale for surgical therapeutic intervention through many different educational modalities. Students should have exposure to the breadth and depth of surgery under the guidance of a preceptor, and function as a contributing member of the surgical team. Students should demonstrate an understanding of procedures for surgical admission and the elements of establishing surgical diagnoses. Preoperative evaluation, perioperative care and optimization as well as postoperative follow up with documented progress in each component of care. Relevant information should be described in the brief postoperative note and there should be evidence of an understanding of the legal aspects of the medical record. Surgery Clerkship will foster student growth in areas of patient care, medical knowledge, interpersonal and communication skills, practice-based learning and improvement, professionalism, and systems-based practice.
Family Medicine (6 weeks)
The Clerkship in Family Medicine will:Introduce students to aspects of family medicine that are applicable to all fields of medical practice including the comprehensive and continuous care provided by family physicians to patients of all ages. The curriculum will enhance the students’ ability to recognize the importance of family systems and the impact of chronic illness on patients and their families. The health of individual family members, cultural issues, family systems, and their cumulative effect on health outcomes will be highlighted. The student will become familiar with end-of-life issues, and palliative care, and the role of the physician in these decision making processes. The clerkship will emphasize the importance of recognition of symptoms and medical knowledge in providing patients with the highest quality medical care. The family medicine curriculum will promote the highest standards of professional behavior and clinical competence while preparing students for the practice of family medicine in diverse patient populations. The curriculum will enhance students’ knowledge and awareness of the common diagnosis and impact of cultural issues and family systems.
Obstetrics and Gynecology (6 weeks)
During this rotation, students will acquire a set of basic educational and technical skills related to the maintenance of women’s health. They will learn to take an obstetrical and gynecological history, and conduct a physical with an emphasis on the breast, abdomen, and pelvis. Students will develop a basic understanding of the pathophysiologies in women as they occur from menarche through the reproductive years and menopause. This will include an appreciation of specific obstetric and gynecologic issues encountered at different stages of a woman’s life. Inpatient obstetric and gynecologic admissions and surgical procedures, as well as ambulatory outpatient clinic or private practice experience, provide the necessary core fundamentals of the rotation. Students are required to master their understanding of the physiology of endocrinology during pregnancy, renal function, and basic anatomy.
Pediatrics (6 weeks)
The clerkship curriculum provides students with the basic skills and knowledge required to care for children and their families. The focus of the pediatric rotation is to teach students about issues unique to the infant, child, and adolescent. There is a major emphasis on the prevention of disease and the impact of disease and treatment on the child. During these six weeks, students develop the communication, physical examination, and problem solving skills required to evaluate the health status of a pediatric patient from birth to 18 years of age. Review of all relevant basic sciences including genetics, embryology, biomedical sciences, and complications during pregnancy and physiology, is expected. Students will develop an understanding of the importance of disease prevention in addition to treatment.
Psychiatry (6 Weeks)
The objective of the psychiatric rotation is to prepare the student to recognize, assess, and treat a wide range of mental health problems as they may present throughout the life cycle. Emphasis will be placed on assessment of the patient’s mental status and personality traits as they relate to the patient’s health practices, to legal issues such as mental competency, dangerousness, and civil commitment, as well as their relevance to clinical management of other medical conditions. Also, the student should be able to use the interview situation to obtain an in-depth history, to perform a comprehensive mental status examination, and to establish a positive professional doctor-patient relationship. This knowledge should be the basis of the student’s ability to make a comprehensive diagnosis of common psychiatric conditions. The student is required to review and understand all aspects of neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, and behavioral sciences. The student should also acquire knowledge of the various therapeutic modalities including pharmacologic, psychotherapeutic, and social interventions, and to be aware of their indications and limitations. By becoming more skilled in assessing the personal strengths and vulnerabilities of the patient’s mental state, the student should become more professional in interviewing in all medical settings.
Elective rotations allow students to gain experience in different specialties, ultimately allowing them to confirm the field they are most passionate about and make an informed decision when applying for residencies.
Students choose elective rotations from a variety of specialties related to core rotations. This is a list of some of the elective rotations available to AUA students, most of which are available in the United States, while some are available in Canada, the UK, and India.
Clinical Elective Rotations:
Total of 34 weeks
Clinical elective rotations in general have a duration of four weeks each.
Addiction Medicine/Chemical Dependency
The incidence of substance abuse and substance dependency is increasing all over the country. This is commonly seen in patients receiving inpatient medical services and in medical practices. Substance abuse and dependency are frequently comorbid with other medical and psychiatric disorders. In spite of public education and outreach efforts, considerable societal stigma exists towards patients with addictive disorders; healthcare providers frequently have negative attitudes toward these patients as well. Many believe that it is a social issue, not a medical one. As we are aware, the identification, assessment, and referral for treatment of patients are strongly influenced by physician attitudes and life experiences with personal, family, or prior patients’ substance use. Effective tools and strategies help clinicians recognize the physiologic and behavioral red flags of addiction and elicit a substance use history in a nonjudgmental manner, so the physician can make the appropriate diagnosis and develop a patient-specific plan for treatment and referral.
Adult Pain Management
Pain management uses a multidisciplinary approach to reduce acute and chronic pain in pediatric and adult patients. Local, regional, and general anesthetic procedures are used in combination with psychological and other techniques like chiropractic manipulations, or acupuncture.
This rotation will provide an educational experience in PRIMARY CARE community practice settings. It will provide exposure to community medicine physicians and role models, different practice models and practice styles, and aid in future career planning. Students will learn the management of urgent problems encountered in PRIMARY CARE practice. Students will be able to perform problem-focused evaluations in an efficient manner.
Anesthesia is an intervention which allows the performance of surgical or other painful procedures in pediatric and adult patients using local, regional, or general anesthesia techniques. Perioperative care and acute and chronic pain management are also components of anesthesia.
The treatment of burns is a time-consuming and all-encompassing endeavor. During this elective rotation, students are expected to challenge the complexity of the burn unit, which is listed below.
The goal of the rotation is for the student to develop the ability to independently evaluate, treat, and monitor ACS, atrial fibrillation, CHF, ventricular arrhythmias, HTN, hyperlipidemia, valvular heart disease and aortic dissection.
The range of problems that may be encountered in child and adolescent psychiatry are in part covered by the descriptions elsewhere in this report describing addictions and substance abuse, emergency psychiatric interventions, consultation liaison, school problems, and family disruptions. The orientation of an elective in child and adolescent psychiatry could cover a wide range of clinical problems. All of these areas of study and patient care demand the ability to relate with patients in creative ways, to know the range of diagnostic and treatment options available, and to prioritize one’s intervention in a practical and safe manner. Though family involvement is not often required in the evaluation and treatment of adults, in child and adolescent psychiatry this involvement is usually required and often essential.
An elective in psychiatry therefore covers an immense range of problems including the possible placement of the child on a temporary or even permanent basis.
AUA clinical students may opt to take a Research Elective in Medical Research. This is typically a four-week experience. Initially, the student selects a preceptor/supervising physician who will guide and supervise the research experience. The specific activities required by the student will vary depending upon the medical research topic, and the stage of the research project. In some cases, the student may be completing a review of the literature including an evaluation of the methodological strengths and weaknesses of that literature. In other cases, they may be developing a research proposal or collecting and analyzing data. Once this plan is reviewed and approved by the clinical student and the supervising physician, it must be submitted to the AUA Research Council for review and recommendations to the Executive Dean of Clinical Sciences. The research elective cannot proceed without the approval of the Executive Dean of Clinical Sciences.
This rotation exposes students to a team specializing in colorectal pathologies. Diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation of all colorectal pathologies plague a large portion of our population. The mainstay of colorectal pathologists are tumors, both benign and malignant, along with inflammatory bowel pathologies. Students will gain essential knowledge about management of colon pathology including Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and colonic tumors benign and malignant.
Comprehensive Psychiatric Emergency Program (CPEP)
Students are exposed to a variety of psychiatric emergencies including suicide attempts, drug overdoses, and other acute psychiatric disorders that present in the form of an emergency.
Clinical experiences in critical care medicine are intended to assist the student’s understanding of the unique life-threatening conditions faced by the critical care patient. These include, but are not limited to, organ failure, coma, shock, ventilatory support, and end-of-life transitions. The purpose of the elective is for the student to become familiar with, and comfortable in, critical care units servicing a diverse population of surgical, neurological, and medical patients.
Dermatology is the specialty of medicine concerned with management of skin disorders, mucous membranes, and adnexal structures, including hair and nails. This elective is designed to expose the medical student to various aspects of dermatology and to gain a working knowledge of how to recognize skin signs of systemic diseases, normal findings (including benign skin growths) and common skin malignancies. The rotation will consist primarily of outpatient encounters, with some inpatient consultation with an attending physician and/or a dermatology resident. A broad spectrum of disease entities will be seen that range in patient stage from initial diagnosis to those patients that have disease that has been refractory to treatment.
The student will be exposed to inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, metabolic, congenital and structural disorders and will be involved in the discussion of differential diagnoses, diagnostic evaluation, and outline of treatment plans. The goal is to have the student understand how dermatologists apply an integrated interdisciplinary approach to the management of skin disorders in a professional and compassionate manner.
This rotation is typically done in a full-service emergency room, but the student may spend some time in an urgent care center. The key in this rotation is the art of triage. The student will be exposed to patients with pediatric psychiatric and adult medical-surgical emergencies. Students will be exposed to determinations by their attendings to treat and admit, admit or discharge. The treatment of many acute conditions such as trauma and heart failure requires a broad medical knowledge.
Many psychiatric problems present as emergencies, often in places with no local psychiatric services. Significant help in diagnosis and treatment can be carried out at a distance via telephone. This rotation will expose the student to the challenges and methods that this method of psychiatric care requires.
The goal of the Endocrine Elective is for the student to develop the ability to independently evaluate, treat, and monitor common endocrine disorders (diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, lipid abnormalities, metabolic bone disease, and calcium disorders), and be familiar enough with the less common endocrinopathies (adrenal disease, pituitary disease and gonadal dysfunction) to recognize the abnormality and initiate evaluation.
This rotation will expose the student to pathologies of the ears, nose, neck, and throat. These pathologies include otitis media and externa, and the benign and malignant tumors of the ears, salivary glands, thyroid, parathyroid, vocal cords, and pharynx and hypopharynx. Students will learn to evaluate these structures to determine all neck masses.
The purpose of this elective is to provide the students with experience in an intern-like role in a Family Medicine training program. This advanced inpatient experience provides an opportunity for students to challenge themselves with an in-depth experience in family medicine. The objectives of this elective are mirrored with the Family Medicine core clerkship.
This rotation immerses the student in a medical legal environment, typically in a medical examiner’s office. The chain of evidence and time and cause of death is respected in this rotation. Through the use of scientific deduction, the pathologist determines the immediate and contributory cause and time of death, along with the identification of victim.
The Gastroenterology elective is designed to provide medical students with a well-rounded learning experience in gastroenterology and hepatology that is integral to the specialty of internal medicine. The goal of this elective is for the student to develop the ability to independently evaluate, treat, and monitor the broad range of diseases in general gastroenterology and hepatology, including transplant hepatology, and to understand the use of advanced endoscopy in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
This is typically an extension of the core rotation. All the basic skills required in core rotations are finessed in the General Surgery elective. This would be the place to have more extensive exposure to the OR, bedside procedures and teaching. Students typically round with the team and perform tasks similar to first year residents. This is the ideal rotation for students who are interested in surgical specialties.
The Geriatric Medicine/Gerontology elective rotation fosters geriatric community experiences improving the understanding and treatment of patients over the age of 65, enhancing clinical skills assessments in geriatric areas, and increasing students’ interest in geriatric care.
Gynecologic Oncology is a four-week elective involving the diagnosis and treatment of gyn neoplasms. The rotation will be supervised by the gyn oncologist in the office or clinical setting for diagnosis and treatment including surgical procedures for invasive disease. The elective may also involve co-management with radiation oncology for radiation treatment and hematology oncology for chemotherapy options while treating gyn invasive neoplasms.
The Hematology/Oncology elective is designed to facilitate the student’s understanding of common clinical presentations, evaluation, and management of blood dyscrasias and neoplastic disorders. The student will learn the proper workup and care of the oncology patient, from diagnosis and tumor staging to chemotherapy and palliation. Simultaneously, the student will learn the proper evaluation of hematological disorders, including interpretation of diagnostic tests and initiation of treatment.
The purpose of the Infectious Disease rotation is to assist the student in understanding the evaluation and treatment of both chronic and acute infectious illnesses. In the supervised setting, the student will learn to isolate infectious sources and choose appropriate antimicrobial therapy based on evidence gathered from multiple sources including patient histories and physical examinations, blood work, radiological studies, and empiric data.
The purpose of the elective in Internal Medicine is for students to acquire further experience in the elements of patient care. The focus will be on the more detailed aspects of histories, physical examinations, the various elements used in diagnosis (imaging procedures, lab tests, invasive testing etc.), and the development and implementation of diagnostic and therapeutic plans.
The goal of the Interventional Cardiology elective is to introduce the student to a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases.
The purpose of the Neonatology elective is to students the opportunity to learn about normal and ill newborns. In a supervised setting, students will have hands-on training in handling both the infants and the equipment.
The Nephrology elective is designed to help students understand the signs, symptoms, and management of common renal syndromes including acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, glomerulonephritis, and nephrotic syndrome. Additionally, students will become familiar with the management of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base disorders, and the diagnosis and management of primary and secondary hypertension.
Neurology is a field based on knowledge of brain and peripheral nerve function that is essential for both neurologists and clinicians. It includes diseases of the central nervous system including illnesses like temporal lobe epilepsy that can present with prominent psychiatric symptoms that have a known organic basis, and somatic treatments.
The student will utilize his or her basic knowledge of neurology and psychiatry to become proficient in the understanding of several illnesses which present symptoms and signs which have a clear organic origin, and of syndromes with primary behavioral symptoms.
Students will become acquainted with a proper neurologic exam and will rotate with a neurosurgical team. They will be exposed to a wide array of neurosurgical procedures, as well as pre and post-op care. This rotation is a unique experience recommended for any student who wants to acquire skills in conducting neurology evaluations.
Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
The Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health elective covers the area of family medicine dedicated to the prevention and management of occupational and environmentally-related injuries, illnesses, and disabilities, as well as the promotion of health and productivity of workers, their families, and communities.
The goal of this elective is to provide students with a strong foundation in clinical ophthalmology, including understanding the anatomy of the eye and orbit, learning the basics of a complete eye examination (visual acuity, pupil response, intraocular pressure, ocular motility, visual field, anterior segment, and fundus examination), learning the basics of common eye diseases (cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration, etc.), and learning the basics of ophthalmic manifestations of systemic diseases (diabetes, thyroid disease, etc.)
This clerkship will emphasize the study and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases. The Orthopedic Surgery rotation is comprised of a four-week rotation with an orthopedic team. Students will participate in assessment of x-rays, and examination of fractures and arthrosis. They will also participate in orthopedic surgeries as a team member.
During this rotation, students will identify and understand the physiology of somatic, neuropathic and visceral pain, systemic regional and local methods of pain management, and the implications of acute and chronic pain.
This elective is designed to expose medical students to the fields of anatomic and clinical pathology including surgical pathology, cytopathology, hematopathology, and laboratory medicine. It will also introduce students to the practice of pathology and the role of the pathologist in diagnosis and management of diseases.
The purpose of the Pediatrics elective is to give students further exposure and experience with children from birth to age 18. Under supervision, students will be given the opportunity to examine, manage, and follow patients, as well as learn to perform common procedures such as venipuncture and lumbar puncture.
Perinatology, also known as maternal-fetal medicine (MFM), is a four-week elective encompassing high-risk pregnancies. The rotation will be supervised by the Perinatologist along with participation by attending obstetricians and residents involved with high-risk antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum care. The majority of the elective will be spent in the antepartum testing unit, learning high-risk fetal surveillance (NST,BPP, ultrasound scan), along with management and treatment of medical complications of high-risk patients on the antepartum floor and L&D.
During this rotation students will round with surgical and medical teams caring for surgical patients pre and postoperatively. The student will observe the optimization, preoperatively, of patients with multiple comorbidities. Students will be exposed to operative procedures on these patients and their care in the immediate postoperative period, and to both operating room and critical care units.
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
During this rotation, students will be exposed to the basics of rehabilitation medicine as it applies to the performance of ambulation, activities of daily living, and occupational activities.
Students will have the opportunity to experience the workings of a plastic surgery specialty facility. This rotation will expose students to reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. They will participate in the assessment and reconstruction of postoperative cancer patients. Students will become familiar with preparation and planning of wound treatment and reconstructive procedures.
Preventive & Social Medicine/Public Health
This elective will provide students with an interest in general preventive medicine and public health, a unique opportunity to gain insight into the practice of clinical and population-based preventive medicine. The student will observe and discuss these areas of patient care with specialists.
Psychiatry Consultation & Liaison
Patients admitted to hospitals for the evaluation of any medical problem experience stress and some degree of psychological disruption of their usual functioning. A significant number of patients admitted for medical, surgical, or other medical reasons may manifest problems of many types: mental disorientation, noncompliance with their care, or frankly manifest psychiatric symptoms indicative of an unrelated underlying psychiatric disorder. All hospitalized patients’ lives are disrupted by the illness that brings them to be hospitalized.
The goal of the Pulmonary ICU elective is to facilitate students’ understanding of the common clinical presentations, and the evaluation and management of pulmonary disorders. Students will learn the proper work-up and treatment of acute and chronic pulmonary diseases ranging from the familiar (COPD) to the infrequent (sarcoidosis).
Additionally, students will become familiar with the use and interpretation of pulmonary function tests, chest x-rays, ventilation/perfusion scans, CT scans, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy. They will develop skills related to smoking cessation counseling and therapy as well.
The goal of the pulmonary elective is to facilitate the student’s understanding of the common clinical presentations, evaluation and management of pulmonary disorders. The student will learn the proper work-up and treatment of acute and chronic pulmonary diseases ranging from the familiar (COPD) to the infrequent (sarcoidosis).
Additionally, the student should become familiar with the use of and interpretation of pulmonary function tests, chest x-rays, ventilation-perfusion scans, CT scans, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy, and the student should develop skills related to smoking cessation counseling and therapy.
The goal of this elective is to provide a comprehensive overview of the practice and application of modern diagnostic radiology. The role of the radiologic subspecialties in diagnosis and treatment in both outpatient and inpatient settings is emphasized.
Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility (REI)
This four-week elective emphasizes common endocrine and infertility issues involved with reproductive and menopausal patients. The rotation will be supervised by a reproductive endocrinologist mainly in an office or clinical setting with minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures for certain diagnoses (e.g. endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, unexplained infertility, etc.)
The goal of the Rheumatology elective is to introduce students to the diagnostic approach, work-up, and management of the connective tissue diseases, inflammatory arthropathies, crystalline arthropathies, and vasculitides. This rotation will form the foundation for understanding the often complex nature of autoimmune and musculoskeletal diseases.
Additionally, students will become familiar with the serological profiles associated with the diseases above, and understand the proper use, dosing, and side effects of steroids and steroid sparing medications.
Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU)
This rotation will provide students with a complete exposure to the day-to-day workings of a surgical ICU. Students will learn the management of postoperative patients, and will gain an understanding of the management of respirators, chest tubes, central lines, drains, etc. The rotation will expose students to the use of a variety of pharmacologic agents including pressors. Students will learn about the day-to-day evaluation of critically ill postoperative patients, and possible complications, including sepsis and multi-organ failure. These will serve students well regardless of the field of medicine they ultimately choose.
The goal of this elective rotation is to expose students to common problems encountered in sports medicine, including their presentation, diagnosis and management. Students will be given the opportunity to learn and refine musculoskeletal physical examination skills and become familiar with common procedures used in sports medicine (e.g. injection techniques, fracture care, splinting/casting).
Students will be involved in the care of surgically-treated oncology patients. These patients will include, but are not limited to, those being treated for some of the more common surgically-treated cancers. Breast, GI and colon, skin (including melanoma), and lung cancer will be part each student’s day-to-day practice. Students will understand and work with radiation oncologists and medical oncologists. An understanding of these disciplines and their roles in patient care will be learned.
Students will be placed with a trauma team. Trauma protocols and evaluation, i.e. triage of the trauma patient) will be learned. Trauma patients have varied injuries, and basic Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) will be learned.
Students on the Urgent Care rotation work in an ambulatory setting. Patients with urgent concerns are seen for emergency department or inpatient care and scheduled for follow-up visits. Working closely with the supervising attendings, students are expected to develop skills necessary to provide excellent patient care in the urgent care setting.
Urogynecology/Minimally Invasive Surgery
Urogynecology, also known as female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, is a four-week elective involving the diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence and pelvic floor disorders. The rotation will be supervised by a urogynecologist along with gynecologists and residents who treat urogynecologic conditions, in an office or a clinical setting, utilizing minimally invasive surgical techniques (e.g. laparoscopy, vaginal colposuspensions, etc.)
Students will rotate with a urology team and will evaluate urogenital function in both male and female patients with a concentration on renal, bladder, uretal, urethral pathologies. They will learn to evaluate the flow dynamics of the bladder and urethra with a special concentration on prostate pathologies. Tumors associated with these structures including the testes, both benign and malignant, will be evaluated.
This rotation usually places student with a vascular team. The day-to-day evaluation of vascular patients includes invasive and noninvasive vascular testing. The examination of these patients will include determination of claudication, tissue loss and impeding gangrene, as well as the selection of appropriate therapies be they endovascular, open vascular or nonsurgical options.
Women’s Health Care (WHC) & Ambulatory Gynecology
Ambulatory gynecology, also known as women’s health care (WHC), is supervised by the gynecologist and/or family practitioner in an office or clinical setting for common ambulatory outpatient gynecological conditions (e.g. abnormal bleeding, vaginitis, colposcopy for abnormal Pap smears etc.) as well as preventive care counseling (e.g. STIs, contraception, domestic violence, etc.)